Mahmoud Hammad was born in 1923, and died in 1988. He graduated from the Academy of Fine Arts in Italy in 1957. His art activity preceded his studies: he had exhibited his work in Damascus, and co-founded the first Syrian association for fine arts, then played a major role in founding the Faculty of Fine Arts in Damascus in 1960. His role led to his serving as the faculty’s dean from 1970 to 1980. Hammad’s first paintings and sculptures followed the traditions of realism. He later shifted toward abstract formations of Arabic calligraphy. He won several awards and was given the Garter of the Italian Republic in 1975, as well as the National Syrian Garter in 1989, after his death.